The mission of the Governmental Fraud Program (GFP) is to oversee
the nationwide investigation of allegations of fraud related
to federal government procurement, contracts, and federally funded
programs. The GFP's mission also includes management of antitrust,
environmental crimes, and Integrity Committee matters of the
President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency (PCIE).
the GFP is responsible for establishing and enhancing liaison
with each Office of Inspector General (OIG) so that a comprehensive
and coordinated approach to identified crime problems is implemented,
and to facilitate appropriate referrals between the OIGs and
GFP is responsible for overseeing and coordinating the FBI's
investigations of fraud and corruption primarily related to federal
procurement, contract, and federally funded entitlement programs
and to manage the FBI's environmental crimes and antitrust programs.
Losses attributed to these illegal acts amount to billions of
dollars annually. To effectively attack this problem, the GFP
promotes the use of advanced investigative techniques and uses
the task force approach where multiple agency resources and intelligence
are utilized to the most productive end. Additionally, the GFP
is responsible for establishing and maintaining liaisons with
each OIG so that a comprehensive and coordinated approach to
identify crime problems is implemented, and a system is utilized
to refer cases to appropriate agencies.
A major investigative
focus of the GFP is a "proactive" effort involving
fraud and corruption in government procurement and contracting.
Federal agencies involved in acquiring goods or services are
often subject to significant fraud schemes. The amount of money
involved in the procurement process is staggering. Those
federal agencies with which the GFP has investigative involvement
of the procurement process include the Departments of Defense,
Agriculture, Education, Energy, Transportation, Housing and Urban
Development, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
on which the GFP has placed special emphasis is the investigation
of environmental crimes. Liaison with federal and state regulatory
agencies and with several investigative agencies such as the
National Park Service, U.S. Coast Guard, Criminal Investigative
Division of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Environmental
Crimes Section of the Department of Justice has proven crucial
in establishing effective environmental crime task forces throughout
the country. The GFP actively coordinates this effort and several
specific ongoing initiatives which focus on the nation's waterways
and environmental crimes associated with federal facilities.
A third investigative
area receiving significant GFP resources is antitrust investigations.
Antitrust involves investigating crimes by persons and corporations
who, through collusion, set falsely high market prices for commodities
in the U.S. and abroad, thus violating the Sherman Antitrust
Act and other antitrust laws. One of the most difficult aspects
of these investigations is obtaining inside information demonstrating
that companies colluded.
The success of
the GFP's mission is evidenced by the program's statistical accomplishments
and the increased number of high-impact investigations of national
significance. Nationwide, governmental fraud investigations during
Fiscal Year (FY) 1998 resulted in more than 460 indictments/informations
and more than $379 million in fines and restitution. At the end
of FY 1998, there were over 1,500 governmental fraud, 485 environmental
crimes and 86 antitrust pending investigations throughout the