What is the FBI?
FBI is the principal investigative arm of the United
States Department of Justice. It has the authority and
responsibility to investigate specific crimes assigned
to it. The FBI also is authorized to provide other law
enforcement agencies with cooperative services, such as
fingerprint identification, laboratory examinations, and
is the mission of the FBI?
Mission of the FBI is to uphold the law through
the investigation of violations of federal criminal
law; to protect the United States from foreign
intelligence and terrorist activities; to provide
law enforcement assistance to federal, state, local,
and international agencies; and to perform these
responsibilities in a manner that is responsive
to the needs of the
public and is faithful to the Constitution of the
When was the FBI founded?
July 26, 1908, then-Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte
appointed an unnamed force of Special Agents to be
the investigative force of the Department of Justice.
evolved from this small group.
Who is the head of
FBI is headed by a Director who is appointed
by the President and confirmed by the Senate
for a term not
to exceed ten years. The current Director of the FBI
is Robert S. Mueller, III.
is the FBI organized?
The FBI is headquartered in Washington D.C. The offices
and divisions at FBI Headquarters provide program direction
and support to fifty-six field offices, approximately 400
satellite offices known as resident agencies, four specialized
field installations, and over 40 foreign liaison posts
known as Legal Attaches.
How many people are
employed by the FBI?
As of January 31, 2002, the FBI had approximately 11,000
Special Agents and 16,000 Professional Support Personnel.
the FBI a type of national police force?
No. The FBI is an investigative component of the United
States Department of Justice. It is one of 32 federal agencies
with law enforcement responsibilities.
accurately is the FBI portrayed in books, television
author, television script writer, or producer may
consult with the FBI about closed cases or our
operations, services, or history. However, there is
no requirement that they do so, and the FBI does not
edit or approve their work. Some authors, television
programs, or motion picture producers offer reasonably
accurate presentations of our responsibilities, investigations,
and procedures in their story lines, while others present
their own interpretations or introduce fictional events,
persons, or places for dramatic effect.
FBI Conducting Investigations
What are the primary
investigative functions of the FBI?
The FBI's mandate, which is the broadest of all federal
investigative agencies, authorizes it to investigate all
federal criminal violations that have not been specifically
assigned by Congress to another federal agency. The FBI's
investigative functions fall into the categories of applicant
matters; civil rights; counterterrorism; foreign counterintelligence;
organized crime/drugs; violent crimes and major offenders;
and financial crime.
Where is the FBI's authority
The powers of the FBI are derived from congressional statutes.
Title 28, United States Code, Section 533, authorizes the
Attorney General to appoint officials to detect and prosecute
crimes against the United States. Title 18, United States
Code, Section 3052, specifically authorizes Special Agents
and officials of the FBI to make arrests, carry firearms,
and serve warrants. Title 18, United States Code, Section
3107, empowers Special Agents and officials to make seizures
under warrant for violation of federal statutes. The FBI's
authority to investigate specific criminal violations is
conferred by numerous other congressional statutes. In addition,
Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations, Section 0.85, outlines
the investigative and other responsibilities of the FBI,
including the collection of fingerprint cards and identification
records; the training of state and local law enforcement
officials at the FBI National Academy; and the operation
of the National Crime Information Center and the FBI Laboratory.
Then the FBI actually
must work through U. S. Attorneys?
Although the FBI is responsible for investigating possible
violations of federal law, the FBI does not
give an opinion or decide if an individual will be prosecuted.
The federal prosecutors employed by the Department of
Justice or the U.S. Attorneys offices are responsible
for making this decision and for conducting the prosecution
of the case.
What does the FBI
do with information and evidence gathered during
If a possible violation of federal law under the jurisdiction
of the FBI has occurred, the FBI will conduct an investigation.
The information and evidence gathered in the course of that
investigation are then presented to the appropriate U.S.
Attorney or Department of Justice official who will determine
whether or not prosecution or further action is warranted.
Depending on the outcome of the investigation, evidence is
either returned or retained for court.
What does the FBI do
with persons it arrests in the course of an investigation?
arrested by the FBI is taken into custody and photographed
and fingerprinted. In addition, an attempt
often is made to obtain a voluntary statement from the
arrestee. The arrestee remains in FBI custody until the
initial court appearance, which must take place without
What authority do FBI
Special Agents have to make arrests in the United
States, its territories, or on foreign soil?
In the United States and its territories, FBI Special
Agents may make arrests for any federal offense committed
in their presence, or when they have reasonable grounds to
believe that the person to be arrested has committed, or
is committing, a felony violation of U.S. laws. Concerning
arrests on foreign soil, FBI Special Agents generally do
not have authority outside the United States except in certain
cases where, with the consent of the host country, Congress
has granted the FBI extraterritorial jurisdiction.
Are FBI Special Agents
permitted to install wiretaps at their own discretion?
No. Wiretapping is one of the FBI's most sensitive techniques
and is strictly controlled by federal statutes. It is used
infrequently and then only to combat the most serious crimes
and terrorism. Title 18, United States Code, Section 2516,
contains the protocol requiring all law enforcement officers
to establish probable cause that the wiretaps may provide
evidence of a felony violation of federal law. After determining
if a sufficient showing of probable cause has been made,
impartial federal judges approve or disapprove wiretaps.
The approving judge then must continue to monitor how the
wiretap is being conducted. Wiretapping without meeting these
stringent requirements and obtaining the necessary court
orders is a serious felony under the law.
What is the FBI's policy
on the use of deadly force by its Special Agents?
Special Agents may use deadly force only when necessary--when
the Special Agent has a reasonable belief that the subject
of such force poses an imminent danger of death or serious
physical injury to the Special Agent or another person. If
feasible, a verbal warning to submit to the authority of
the Special Agent shall be given prior to the use of deadly
a crime is committed that is a violation of local,
state, and federal
laws, does the FBI "take over" the investigation?
No. State and local law enforcement agencies are not subordinate
to the FBI, and the FBI does not supervise or usurp their
investigations. However, through cooperation, the investigative
resources of the FBI and state and local agencies often are
pooled in a common effort to investigate and solve the cases.
In fact, many task forces composed of FBI Special Agents
and state and local officers have been formed to locate fugitives
and to address serious, recurring crime such as terrorism
and street violence.
If an individual is
being sought by local police for committing a crime,
what assistance can the FBI render to locate the
A "stop" will
be placed against the fugitive's fingerprints in the FBI's
Criminal Justice Information Services
Division. Local police will be notified immediately upon
the receipt of any additional fingerprints of the fugitive.
The fugitive's name and identifying data also will be entered
into the National Crime Information Center, a computerized
database which is accessible to law enforcement agencies
nationwide. Any agency which subsequently inquires about
this individual will be informed of his or her fugitive status.
In addition, the FBI may obtain a federal arrest warrant
and thereafter attempt to locate an individual who flees
prosecution or confinement if there is reason to believe
the person has traveled across a state line or left the country.
If a child is missing and possibly
kidnapped, but no interstate transportation is known, will
the FBI begin an investigation?
the FBI will initiate a kidnapping investigation involving
child "of tender years" even
though there is no known interstate aspect. Tender years
is generally defined as a child twelve years or younger.
The FBI will monitor other kidnapping situations when there
is no evidence of interstate travel, and it offers assistance
from various entities including the FBI Laboratory.
What is the FBI's policy
on the use of informants?
The courts have recognized that the government's use
of informants is lawful and often essential to the effectiveness
of properly authorized law enforcement investigations. However,
use of informants to assist in the investigation of criminal
activity may involve an element of deception, intrusion into
the privacy of individuals, or cooperation with persons whose
reliability and motivation may be open to question. Although
it is legally permissible for the FBI to use informants in
its investigations, special care is taken to carefully evaluate
and closely supervise their use so the rights of individuals
under investigation are not infringed. The FBI can only use
informants consistent with specific guidelines issued by
the Attorney General that control the use of informants.
Are informants regular
employees of the FBI?
Informants are individuals who supply information to the
FBI on a confidential basis. They are not hired or
trained employees of the FBI, although they may receive compensation
in some instances for their information and expenses.
If a citizen gives information
about a potential crime to the FBI and there is a
question as to whether a federal violation has occurred,
who in the government decides?
The FBI may conduct an investigation in order to obtain
sufficient facts concerning the allegation. If there is a
question as to whether or not a federal violation has occurred,
the FBI consults with the United States Attorney's office
in the district where the alleged offense took place.
much time and money will the FBI spend on a "typical" investigation?
There is no typical expenditure of time, personnel, or
money in an FBI investigation. Some investigations are not
complicated and are quickly resolved; others are long-term,
complex, and involve multiple jurisdictions, subjects, and
Can I obtain detailed
information about a current FBI investigation I see
in the news?
Such information is protected from public disclosure, in
accordance with current law and DOJ and FBI policy. This
policy preserves the integrity of the investigation and the
privacy of individuals involved in the investigation prior
to any public charging for violations of the law. It also
serves to protect the rights of people not yet charged with
Does the FBI provide
arrest records at the request of private citizens?
Yes. The subject of an identification record may obtain
a copy thereof by submitting a written request. The request
must be accompanied by satisfactory proof of identity (consisting
of name, date and place of birth, and a set of roll-inked
fingerprint impressions) and a certified check or money order
for the $18 processing fee. The FBI will not provide copies
of arrest records to individuals other than the subject of
Who monitors the FBI?
The FBI's activities are closely and regularly scrutinized
by a variety of entities. Congress, through several oversight
committees in the Senate and House, reviews the FBI's
budget appropriations, programs, and selected investigations.
Also, the results of FBI investigations are often reviewed
by the judicial system during court proceedings. Within
the U.S. Department of Justice, the FBI is responsible
to the Attorney General, and it reports its findings
to United States Attorneys across the country. Additionally,
the FBI's activities are regularly reviewed and reported
by the Nation's news media.
What type of applicants
does the FBI investigate?
The FBI conducts background investigations on all persons
who apply for employment with the FBI. Additionally, the
FBI conducts background investigations for certain other
government entities, such as the White House, Department
of Justice, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, and
certain House and Senate committees.
Who can obtain the results
of such background investigations?
The subject of a background investigation may request
the contents of his or her own report through the Freedom
of Information/Privacy Acts. The results of background
investigations are given to the requesting government
entity. Other government entities that need to assess
a person's suitability for employment or access to classified
materials may also request the results.
How many fugitives
does the FBI look for at any one time?
Approximately 12,000. Through the Unlawful Flight to Avoid
Prosecution or Confinement statute, the FBI for many years
has been responsible for seeking the country's most wanted,
the FBI send "wanted
posters" on fugitives to private citizens?
No. These items only are made available to law enforcement
or other government agencies in furtherance of the investigations
to locate the fugitives.
Since the FBI does
not send out wanted posters to the public, is there any way
I can see photographs and descriptions of current FBI fugitives?
part of our Fugitive Publicity Program, the FBI places photographs
other information regarding fugitives on
this web site. The FBI's "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" and
other fugitives are included. Additionally, many United States
Post Offices display 8" by 8" FBI "wanted
posters," officially known as Identification Orders.
Should a citizen verify his
or her suspicions about criminal activity before
reporting them to the FBI?
Citizens should never place themselves in harm's way
or conduct their own investigations. Instead, any suspicious
activity about matters under FBI jurisdiction should
be reported to the FBI promptly.
The FBI and Other Government
and Law Enforcement Agencies
How does the FBI differ
from the Central Intelligence Agency?
CIA has no law enforcement function. Rather, it collects
information which is vital to the formation
of U.S. policy, particularly in areas that impact the security
of the Nation. The CIA collects information only regarding
foreign countries and their citizens. It is prohibited from
collecting information regarding "U.S. Persons," a
term which includes U.S. citizens, resident aliens, legal
immigrants, and U.S. corporations, regardless of where they
How does the FBI differ
from the Drug Enforcement Administration and the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms?
The FBI is the primary law enforcement agency for the
U.S. Government, charged with enforcement of over 200 federal
laws. The DEA is a single-mission agency charged with enforcement
of drug laws. The ATF is the agency whose primary investigative
responsibility is enforcement of federal firearms statutes
and the investigation of arsons and bombings that are not
in furtherance of terrorism.
What is the FBI doing
to improve its interaction with other federal law
FBI has long believed that cooperation is the backbone of
effective law enforcement. Due to limited federal
law enforcement resources and increasingly complex criminal
organizations, effective and efficient use of resources
is essential. The FBI routinely cooperates and works
closely with all federal law enforcement agencies on
individual joint investigations and through formal task
forces that address broad crime problem areas. The FBI
also works with the Office of Investigative Agency Policies,
which was established to coordinate selected policies
and activities of law enforcement entities within the
Department of Justice. On December 4, 2001, the Office
for Law Enforcement Coordination was created, responsible
for improving FBI coordination and information sharing
with state and local law enforcement and public safety
Does the Uniform Crime Reporting
(UCR) Program involve other law enforcement agencies?
Yes. In 2000 the UCR Program received
crime data from nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies, representing
94% of the U.S. population. The UCR Program collects information
on serious crimes reported to law enforcement agencies.
Does the FBI exchange
fingerprint or arrest information with domestic and
foreign police agencies?
Yes. Identification and criminal history information
may be disclosed to federal, state, or local law enforcement
agencies, or any agency directly engaged in criminal
justice activity. As well, such information may be disclosed
to any foreign or international agency consistent with
international treaties, conventions, and executive agreements,
where such disclosure may assist the recipient in the
performance of a law enforcement function.
What is the FBI's policy
on the sharing of information in its files with domestic
or foreign investigative agencies, or with other
what is known as the National Name Check Program, limited
information from the FBI's central records system
is disseminated in response to requests by other entities
lawfully authorized to receive it. These entities include
other federal agencies in the Executive Branch, congressional
committees, the federal judiciary, some foreign police and
intelligence agencies, and state and local agencies within
the criminal justice system. The FBI's central records system
contains information regarding applicant, personnel, administrative
actions, and criminal and security/intelligence matters.
Dissemination of FBI information is made strictly in accordance
with provisions of the Privacy Act; Title 5, United States
Code, Section 552a; FBI policy and procedures regarding discretionary
release of information in accordance with the Privacy Act;
and other applicable federal orders and directives.
FBI Special Agents work with state, local, or other
officers on "task forces"?
We work with other agencies to investigate violations
of the criminal laws which the FBI is charged
to enforce. Task forces have proven to be a very effective
way for the FBI and state and local law enforcement to
join together to address specific crime problems. In
law enforcement, "concurrent jurisdiction" may
exist, whereby a crime may be a local, state, and federal
violation all at the same time. Task forces concentrate
on organized crime, bank robbery, kidnapping, terrorism,
and motor vehicle theft.
What training assistance
is afforded local law enforcement officers?
FBI offers several training opportunities. The FBI
National Academy, founded in 1935, was established
to provide college-level training to mid-level state,
local, and foreign police officers. The FBI National
Academy is located in the same facility as the FBI
Academy, where the Bureau trains its own employees,
at Quantico, Virginia. As part of the FBI's Field Police
Training Program, qualified FBI police instructors provide
training assistance at local, county, and state law enforcement
training facilities to improve the investigative, managerial,
administrative, and technical skills of local officers.
This training program strengthens the cooperative effort
between the FBI and local agencies in protecting the
What is the Critical
Incident Response Group?
The FBI's Critical
Incident Response Group (CIRG) provides rapid assistance
to incidents in a crisis. Through CIRG, expert assistance
is available in cases involving the abduction or mysterious
disappearance of children, crisis management, hostage negotiation,
criminal investigative analysis, and special weapons and
tactics. CIRG also assists in the assessment, selection,
and training of FBI undercover employees.
What is IAFIS?
Automated Fingerprint Identification System, implemented
in July 1999, replaces the former paper-based system for
and searching criminal history records. It supports a law
enforcement agency's ability to digitally record fingerprints
and electronically exchange information with the FBI. Manual
steps have been reduced and processing speeds increased.
What is the International
Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) in Budapest?
The ILEA is a multinational effort organized by the United
States, the government of Hungary, and other international
training partners. A broad spectrum of U.S. federal law enforcement
agencies and the Department of State are engaged in a cooperative
effort to provide assistance to our police colleagues in
the emerging democracies through training. Other countries
throughout the world are actively supporting this initiative
by providing instructors. Representatives from the European
Union and the Council of Europe also have participated. In
addition, the FBI conducts extensive police training in foreign
countries. This training not only aids the foreign countries
but substantially helps the FBI investigate international
crime aimed at U.S. citizens and interests.
Does the FBI Laboratory
conduct examinations of evidence for anyone other
than the FBI?
In addition to performing examinations for its own cases,
the FBI Laboratory conducts
scientific examinations of evidence, free of charge, for
any duly constituted federal, state, and/or local law enforcement
organization within the United States. Such services also
may be made available to foreign law enforcement agencies
under special agreement between the Attorney General and
the Secretary of State.
the FBI conduct fingerprint card checks or examine
items for latent
fingerprints at the request of private citizens?
The FBI provides fingerprint card checks for certain
licensing and employment purposes. Latent fingerprint
examinations are conducted only for duly constituted
law enforcement agencies.
What is the FBI's role
The FBI's role is to reduce the threat of terrorism in
the United States and against U.S. persons and interests
throughout the world. This is accomplished through professional
investigation and coordinated efforts with local, state,
federal, and foreign entities as appropriate.
Does the FBI share
information on terrorists with other domestic and foreign
law enforcement agencies?
Countering terrorism effectively requires the exchange
of information and close, daily coordination among U.S. law
enforcement, intelligence, and service entities, as well
as international law enforcement agencies. An examples of
this cooperation includes the National Infrastructure Protection
What is the FBI's responsibility
in bombing cases?
FBI investigates the malicious damaging or destruction, by
means of an explosive, of property used in interstate
or foreign commerce. These matters include the bombing or
attempted bombing of college or university facilities, and
incidents which appear to have been perpetrated by terrorist
or revolutionary groups. The FBI also investigates bombings
in the United States and overseas when the incident was an
act of terrorism against U.S. persons or interests. It collects
evidence, interviews witnesses, develops leads, and identifies
and apprehends the person or persons responsible. The FBI
assists U.S. Attorneys in preparing evidence or exhibits
for trial as well.
Does the FBI investigate
hate groups in the United States?
The FBI investigates domestic hate groups within guidelines
established by the Attorney General. Investigations are conducted
only when three criteria are met: a threat or advocacy of
force is made; the group has the apparent ability to carry
out the proclaimed act; and the act would constitute a potential
violation of federal law.
the FBI "monitor" any
potential terrorist groups in the United States?
FBI is bound by guidelines issued by the Attorney
General which establish a consistent policy on when an
investigation may be initiated. Through these guidelines,
the FBI obtains authorization to collect information.
The facts are analyzed, then used to prevent terrorist
activity and, whenever possible, to aid in the arrest
and prosecution of persons or groups who have violated
What action does the
FBI take when a foreign group linked to terrorism
abroad has members in the United States?
approach taken by the FBI in counterterrorism investigations
is based on the need both to prevent incidents where possible
and to react effectively after incidents occur. Our investigations
focus on the unlawful activity of the group, not the ideological
orientation of its members. When conducting investigations,
the FBI collects information which not only serves as the
basis for prosecution, but also builds an intelligence base
to help prevent terrorist acts.
What concerns do the
FBI and the law enforcement community have regarding
the growing use of encryption products by the public,
both domestically and abroad?
Law enforcement is extremely concerned about the serious
threat posed by the use of robust encryption products
that do not allow for authorized access or the timely
decryption of critical evidence obtained through lawful
electronic surveillance and search and seizure. On one
hand, encryption is extremely beneficial when used legitimately
to protect commercially sensitive information and communications.
On the other hand, the potential use of such products
by criminals or terrorists raises a tremendous threat
to public safety and national security.
view of this, law enforcement supports a balanced encryption
policy which meets both commercial and individual
needs as well as law enforcement needs. The FBI has found
that robust encryption, combined with a key escrow feature
which permits court-authorized access to "plain
text," is the only way to achieve these two goals
without seriously jeopardizing public safety.
What is the FBI's foreign
the country's lead counterintelligence agency, the
FBI is responsible
for detecting and lawfully countering
actions of foreign intelligence services and organizations
that employ human and technical means to gather information
about the United States which adversely affects U.S.
national interests. The espionage or "spying" activities
may involve the acquisition of classified, sensitive,
or proprietary information from the U.S. government or
U.S. companies. The FBI will investigate wherever a foreign
entity conducts clandestine intelligence activities in
the United States.
is meant by "economic
"Economic espionage" is
defined by the FBI as foreign power-sponsored or coordinated
activity directed at the U.S. government or U.S. corporations,
establishments, or persons designed to unlawfully and
clandestinely obtain sensitive financial, trade, or economic
policy information; proprietary economic information;
critical technologies; or to unlawfully or clandestinely
influence sensitive economic policy decisions. This theft,
through open and clandestine methods, can provide foreign
entities with a treasure of proprietary economic information
at a fraction of the true cost of their research and
development, causing significant economic loss.
Do foreign spies always
Espionage can be committed by almost anyone. Recent surveys
indicate that up to 74 percent of technology
lost can be attributed to insiders in U.S. corporations.
Espionage subjects often act on their own to fulfill
requests of foreign intelligence services.
Has the use of space
satellites, listening devices, and other advanced
technology reduced the importance of the human foreign
The human factor in espionage always will remain important.
The use of high technology gives the intelligence officer
anonymity. Thus, high technology enhances the efforts
of foreign spies but does not replace them entirely.
Has the ending of the
Cold War reduced the amount of espionage?
No. Traditional espionage has changed, with new threats
from nontraditional countries. In some areas espionage has
increased and actually has become more difficult to assess
Why do we so seldom
hear about arrests for espionage?
Only failed attempts at espionage lead to arrests. Espionage
and espionage-related matters, which cost the nation an estimated
$100 billion per year, differ from the FBI's criminal investigations
in that arrest and prosecution is not and cannot be the ultimate
goal. Most FBI responses to foreign intelligence activity
result in neutralizing the threat, rather than by making
arrests, and therefore are not known to the public.
How can average citizens
help the FBI protect the United States from foreign
By raising their own security awareness, and by reporting
any suspected espionage activity to the FBI. Apparent
espionage activity would include unauthorized attempts
to view records or plans; scavenging through trash; eavesdropping
on live or telephone conversations; questions from persons
who have no need to know certain information to do their
job; or persons found outside their normal work areas
or at unusual hours. Security awareness is vital to our
Other Investigative Priorities
What steps are being
taken by the FBI to reduce violent crime in America,
particularly that committed by gangs?
The FBI is the principal federal agency with jurisdiction
to address violent street gangs. It conducts investigations
on these groups through its Safe Streets Initiative with
other law enforcement partners. The FBI has also developed
National Violent Crime, Drug, and Gang Strategies that
together serve as the framework for combating violence
in the United States.
Does the FBI keep statistics
on criminal offenses committed in the United States?
Yes. The FBI's Uniform Crime
Reporting (UCR) Program, which began in 1929, collects
information on serious crimes reported to law enforcement
agencies. The categories are homicide, forcible rape, robbery,
aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle
theft, and arson. The Program also collects information on
hate crimes and on persons arrested for twenty-two other
less serious crime categories. Hate crime offenses cover
incidents motivated by race, religion, sexual orientation,
and ethnicity/national origin.
What is white-collar
crime and how is the FBI combating it?
White-collar crime is non-violent in nature and includes
health care fraud, government fraud and telemarketing fraud,
to name a few. The FBI is actively pursuing a number of investigations
to combat white-collar crime. A plan is in place to target
check fraud and counterfeit negotiable instruments by organized
groups. The FBI also is concentrating on mortgage loan fraud.
There are also joint ventures including The White Collar
Crime Center and the Internet Fraud Complaint Center.
How is the FBI fighting
organized crime, particularly international organized crime?
The FBI uses a variety of laws, asset forfeiture
statutes, and sophisticated investigative techniques
in its domestic
and international cases. The criminal and civil provisions
of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO)
statute are a particularly suited to dismantle criminal organizations.
These investigations frequently utilize undercover operations,
court-authorized electronic surveillance, informants and
cooperating witnesses, and consensual monitoring. Many of
these are conducted with foreign and domestic police agencies.
The FBI operates under an organized crime/drug strategy which
focuses its investigations on major international, national,
and regional groups which control large segments of the illegal
What is the FBI doing
about drug trafficking?
The FBI has determined that the most effective means
of combating this crime is to use the Enterprise Theory
which focuses investigations and prosecutions on entire criminal
enterprises rather than on individuals. Through this process,
all aspects of the criminal operation can be identified.
The Theory supports not only the prosecution of the criminal
enterprise, but also the seizure of the enterprise's assets
and is intended to disrupt or dismantle entire criminal organizations.
Does the FBI investigate
graft and corruption in local government and in state and
local police departments?
The FBI uses applicable federal laws, including the
Hobbs Act, to investigate violations by public officials
in federal, state, and local governments. A public official
is any person elected, appointed, employed, or otherwise
has a duty to maintain honest and faithful public service.
Most violations occur when the official asks, demands, solicits,
accepts, receives, or agrees to receive something of value
in return for influence in the performance of an official
act. The categories of public corruption investigated by
the FBI include legislative, judicial, regulatory, contractual,
and law enforcement.
Does the FBI investigate
The FBI is charged with investigating computer-related
crimes involving both criminal acts and national security
issues. Examples of criminal acts would be using a computer
to commit fraud, or using the Internet to transmit obscene
material. In the national security area, the FBI investigates
criminal matters involving the Nation's computerized
banking and financial systems; the various "911" emergency
networks; and telecommunications systems. To protect
the nation's critical infrastructures, the National Information
Protection Center was established, whereby government
and private industry work together to prevent cybercrime.
How does the FBI protect
the civil rights of people in the United States?
The FBI investigates all violations of federal
civil rights statutes. The results of such investigations
are given to the Department of Justice, which determines
prosecution. Civil rights violations fall into several categories:
racial or religious discrimination; color of law-use of excessive
force or police misconduct; involuntary servitude or slavery;
the Voting Rights Act of 1965; the Civil Rights Act of 1964;
the Equal Credit Opportunity Act; Freedom of Access to Clinic
Entrances Act; and the Civil Rights of Institutionalized
What are the most typical
civil rights violations?
The most common complaint involves allegations of excessive
use of force by law enforcement personnel which causes
injuries or death. Approximately 40 to 50 law enforcement
personnel are convicted of this offense each year. Another
common complaint involves racial violence, such as physical
assaults, homicides, verbal or written threats, or desecration
visit the Employment
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address many topics including support positions,
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