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Constitution of the United States


House of Representatives

States are represented in the House of Representatives in approximate proportion to their populations, with every state guaranteed at least one seat. There are currently 435 voting Representatives. Five delegates and one resident commissioner serve as non-voting members of the House, although they can vote in committee. Representatives must be 25 years old and must have been U.S. citizens for at least 7 years. Representatives serve 2-year terms.


Interaction Between the House and Senate

Read up on the relationship between the two chambers with these essays by the Senate Historian's Office.

Joint Rules of the House and Senate, April 15, 1789

House Member Introduces Resolution to Abolish the Senate, April 27, 1911

Salary and Benefits

Read these reports to learn more about Representatives' salary and benefits.

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Officials: Current Salaries (pdf)

Salaries of Members of Congress:  A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2007 (pdf)

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress (pdf)

Profiles of Members of Congress

Read the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, 1774-2005 (pdf)

Congressional Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress (pdf)

Membership of the 110th Congress (pdf)

Membership of the 109th Congress (pdf)

House History

Link to tables of information on the history of the House of Representatives.

History of the House

Party Division of the House of Representatives, 1789-present