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Historical Data

Women Members Who Became Cabinet Members and United States Diplomats

Through the opening of the 111th Congress (2009–2011), 14 congresswomen have been appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Foreign Ministers, Ambassadors, and Cabinet Secretaries. This chronological list includes nine Representatives and two Senators. Of them, only Representative Margaret Heckler (R-MA, 1967–1983) served as both a Cabinet Secretary and an Ambassador. Senator Elizabeth Dole (R–NC, 2003–2009) served in two different Cabinet Secretary positions under two different Presidents.

First Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Member Name Position
Ruth Bryan Owen United States Minister to Denmark, 1933–1936

Second Adminstration of Harry S. Truman

Member Name Position
Emily Taft Douglas United States Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1950

First Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Member Name Position
Clare Boothe Luce United States Ambassador to Italy, 1953–1957

Second Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Member Name Position
Clare Boothe Luce United States Ambassador to Brazil, 1959–1959*

Adminstraton of John F. Kennedy

Member Name Position
Kathryn E. Granahan Secretary of the Treasury, 1963–1967**

First Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson

Member Name Position
Kathryn E. Granahan Secretary of the Treasury, 1963–1967**

First Administration of Ronald Reagan

Member Name Position
Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Transportation, 1983–1987
Millicent Fenwick United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture, 1983–1985
Margaret M. Heckler Secretary of Health & Human Services, 1983–1985

Second Adminstratuion of Ronald Reagan

Member Name Position
Margaret M. Heckler United States Ambassador to Ireland, 1986–1989

Adminstration of George H. W. Bush

Member Name Position
Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Labor, 1989–1990
Lynn Martin Secretary of Labor, 1991–1993

Second Administration of Willam Jefferson Clinton

Member Name Position
Corinne Claiborne (Lindy) Boggs United States Ambassador to the Vatican, 1997–2001
Carol Moseley-Braun United States Ambassador to New Zealand, 1999–2001
Carol Moseley-Braun United States Ambassador to Samoa, 1999–2001

First Administration of George W. Bush

Member Name Position
Constance A. Morella United States Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2003–2004

Second Administration of George W. Bush

Member Name Position
Constance A. Morella United States Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2004–2007

Adminstration of Barack Obama

Member Name Position
Hillary Rodham Clinton Secretary of State, 2009–
Hilda L. Solis Secretary of Labor, 2009–
Ellen O’Kane Tauscher Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Department of State, 2009–

* Clare Boothe Luce was confirmed for Ambassador to Brazil by the Senate, but resigned before her sevice began.
** Kathryn E. Granahan was appointed by President John F. Kennedy and continued to serve under President Lyndon B. Johnson