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The 29th District of Texas was created in 1992, as a result of the population shifts indicated by the 1990 census. Originally designed as a "minority-majority" district for Hispanics, it has undergone several changes. In August of 1996, a federal district court in Houston ruled the 29th, 18th and the 30th Congressional Districts of Texas unconstitutional. The court redrew districts in both the Houston and Dallas-Fort Worth areas and annulled the results of both party primaries, resulting in a special open election held in conjunction with the November 1996 General Election. The district again underwent minor changes after the 2000 census and yet again due to unprecedented mid-decade redistricting in 2003. Congressman Green has had the privilege of representing the 29th District since its inception.
While the geography and makeup of the district has changed somewhat due to the federal court's rulings and state legislative redistricting, it remains very similar to its older versions in terms of landmark features. With the Port of Houston, the 29th District remains at the forefront of international trade. The district also encompasses parts of the industrial engines that drive the Houston economy, with oil refineries and other heavy industries.
The 29th District, while consisting mainly of parts of the City of Houston, also contains several vital and historically significant smaller communities, such as Channelview, Galena Park, Jacinto City and South Houston, as well as parts of Pasadena, Baytown, Humble and unincorporated Harris County. The population runs the spectrum from the inner-city neighborhoods of Houston's Denver Harbor and East End to the suburbs of the Aldine area.
While the 29th District has suffered from low voter turnout, due to voter confusion over redistricting, the majority of those who do go to the polls vote Democratic.
Creating educational opportunities for the constituents of the 29th District is a priority. Every year our office hosts several college financial aid workshops, and visits high schools to inform students of the importance of getting a college degree. Of the persons that are 25 years or older, 50% have a high school diploma or higher, as compared to 80% for the U. S. population. Only 6.5% of residents have a four-year bachelor's degree, while 2% have a graduate or professional degree.
There are many factors that lead individuals and families to live in poverty. At 19.2%, the 29th District still has a significant number of persons that live below the povery level. The median household income is $31,751 compared to $41,994 for the U.S. With many areas of Houston experiencing rapid growth, the construction trade is one of the highest sources of income for residents of the 29th District. Other areas are in manufacturing and industrial work due to our large petrochemical industry.
Due to the high foreign-born population of 33% within the 29th Congressional District, 60% of the residents speak a language other than English at home with the majority speaking Spanish. Among the Spanish-speakers in the district, 55% responded that they did not speak English "very well".
Maps and other useful information about the 29th Congressional District and other Texas districts can be obtained through the Texas Legislative Council.
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