Grants and Federal Domestic Assistance
Information Web page, prepared by the Congressional
Research Service for Members of Congress, which gives guidance and
Internet resources on Federal grants and nonfinancial assistance, as well
as on private foundation funding. The Slide show "Grants Information
for Constituents" provides overview and tips, reviews key sources, and
demonstrates doing a typical grants request. [Updated July 2006 ]
How Best to Find Information
Find funding programs and learn how to write grant proposals:
- Search or browse the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
Keyword and other indexes for grants, loans, business
and nonfinancial help.
- Contact Federal office given in CFDA
program description: if indicated, use CFDA Appendix IV: Federal Regional or Local Office Addresses (by Agency or by State).
- Search Federal Web sites given in each CFDA program description for more information and for State Administering Agencies responsible for managing these programs.
- Check current Federal grants postings at Grants.gov and apply online.
- Search also foundations for project funding: use the
Center Web site or Foundation Center book collections in libraries to identify
national, State, and community foundations.
- Learn how to write grant proposals: follow CFDA's Developing and Writing Grant Proposals, or take the Foundation
Center Proposal Writing Short Course.
Key Federal Funding Sources
Grants.gov (via Dept.
of Health and Human Services)
Federal grants Web site that allows organizations to electronically find and
apply for current competitive grant opportunities from ALL Federal agencies.
Grant seekers can check on notices of funding availability posted in the last
7 days; sign up to receive e-mail notification of future grant opportunities;
and apply for Federal grants online through a unified process. For full Federal
program descriptions, see CFDA below.
Catalog of Federal Domestic
Assistance (General Services
The Catalog (CFDA), issued annually and updated continuously on the
Web, describes some 1500 Federal grants and non financial assistance programs.
Grantseekers can identify programs that might support their projects and can
learn the program's objectives, requirements, application procedures and contacts.
For current notices of funding availability, see Grants.gov.
Catalog Indexes and Listings
Although keyword searching is often a good place to start, also browse by
broad subject (Functional Area), by Federal Department or Agency, or by Beneficiary
to identify more Federal funding programs. CFDA program
descriptions refer to local and regional Federal office addresses, to related
programs, and to Office of Management and Budget circulars, all available
full text on the Internet.
Developing and Writing Grant
Guidance in formulating Federal grant applications, including initial proposal
development, basic components of a proposal, review recommendations, and referral
to Federal guidelines and literature.
Federal Regional or Local Office Addresses (CFDA Appendix IV; by Agency or by State)
Much of the Federal grants budget moves to the States through formula and
block grants -- State, regional, and local Federal offices often handle grants
applications and funds disbursement. If the CFDA program
description refers to a State or regional Information Contact as listed in
Appendix IV, grantseekers should
contact them before applying for funding to obtain the most up-to-date
'Single Points of Contact' (Office of Management and Budget)
Under Executive Order 12372, some States require Federal grants applicants
to submit a copy of their application for State government level review and
comment. The State offices listed here coordinate government (both Federal
and State) grants development and may provide guidance to grantseekers. For
help in identifying State-level grants, other State government agencies Web
sites include: the Library of Congress' State Government Information and National
Association of State Development Agencies.
CFDA in Print (Government Printing Office)
Although the Catalog is available full-text on the Internet, some
may prefer a print edition. However, only the Web Catalog is continuously
updated—the published volume is annual with no supplements.
Related Federal Resources
A-Z Index of U.S. Departments and Agencies (General Services Administration)
To better develop a grant proposal, search a department or agency's Home Page to
learn more about its programs and objectives. The site FirstGov.gov also has an A-Z Index of Government Benefits, Grants and Financial Aid.
Security Grants (Dept. of Homeland Security)
Information on Federal homeland security and public safety grant opportunities,
whether administered by DHS or other departments
Covers First Responder Grants (which includes Assistance to Firefighters, Disaster/Response Program, and State Homeland Security Contacts).
Disaster Assistance (Federal Emergency Management Agency)
FEMA disaster assistance falls into three general categories: Individual and Households; Public Assistance for emergency services and repair or replacement of damaged public facilities; and Hazard Mitigation funding to reduce future losses to public and private property. Also use portal to other federal disaster programs at DisasterHelp.gov.
(General Services Administration)
of grants and loans are made by the Federal government to State and local
governments and other public entities. This site provides one-stop access to
grants management and Federal assistance programs, in addition to resources
about acquisition and procurement, financial management, and taxes.
FirstGov for Business (GSA)
Includes contracting with the U.S. government, international trade and exporting, and small business. See also Business.gov and the Small Business Administration Web sites.
for Nonprofits (General Services Administration)
Links to Federal department and agency information and service for nonprofit
organizations, including fundraising and outreach, grants, loans and other
assistance, laws and regulations, management and operations, online services,
registration and licensing, and tax information.
Faith-Based and Community Initiatives (Office of Faith-Based
and Community Initiatives)
The Departments of Education, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban
Development, Justice, and Labor operate a number of programs to serve Americans
in need for which faith-based and community organizations may apply. Consult
to Faith-Based and Community Organizations on Partnering with the Federal
Government and Federal
Funds for Organizations That Help Those in Need. Many are "formula
grants" made available to States and local governments, which in turn
award grants to grassroots and local organizations. To learn about them, contact
local and State agencies responsible for managing these programs. [Download a free PDF reader]
Free online screening tool to identify government benefits and how to apply. Covers direct payment, loan, insurance, training, or other services. Browse programs by State, by category, or ‘Get Results by Questionnaire’.
FTC Consumer Alert (Federal Trade Commission)
Ads claiming federal grants are available for home repairs, home business, unpaid bills are often a scam. Most sources of grants don’t give money to individuals for personal need (except in disaster situations). The FTC, the nation’s consumer protection agency, also warns consumers to beware of paying “processing fees” for free information.
Federal Register (National
The Federal Register, printed each business day, publishes updates
and notices affecting Federal assistance programs. Scroll down to check current
year; scroll down further to enter Catalog program number, or subject/keyword "AND CFDA" in
Search Terms box.
Report (House Information
of items published in the Federal Register which affect Federal domestic
assistance programs. The summary consists of three parts:(1) Federal
Register Summary, (2) Early Warning Grants Report, and (3) Disaster Loan
OMB Grants Management Web Site (Office of Management and Budget)
government-wide grants management policies and guidelines through circulars
and common rules. OMB Circulars are cited in Catalog
program descriptions and may be printed out fulltext.
Private & Corporate Funding Sources
Gateway to information about private funding sources, the grantseeking process, guidelines on writing a grant proposal, addresses of State libraries with grants reference collections, and links to other useful Internet Web sites. The Center maintains a comprehensive database on foundations; produces print, Web, and CD-ROM directories and guides; conducts research and publishes studies in the field; and offers a variety of training and educational seminars.
Grant Resources by State (Grantsmanship Center)
Click on state map to find links to information about a state's foundations, community foundations, corporate giving programs and the state's home page.
Community Foundation Locator (Council on Foundations)
Community foundations have special interest in funding local and community projects.
Geographic Tracking of Federal Funds
Two U.S. Census
Bureau publications are the Federal government's primary printed documents
detailing the geographic distribution of Federal monies to States and Counties:
- Federal Aid to States
actual expenditures of Federal grant funds to State and local governments.
Figures are presented to the State level by program area and agency.
- Consolidated Federal Funds Report
In CFFR, grants generally represent obligations and include
payments both to State and local governments and to nongovernmental recipients.
Data are provided for State and county levels.
Grants and Other Funding Sources (House Information Resources)
Resource page, compiled for congressional offices, covering public and
private Web links under funding categories such as:
- Where to Find Federal Grants
- How to Apply for Grants
- Help with Managing the Grant Process
- Nonprofit Charitable Organizations
- Corporate Charitable Giving
- Small Business Resources
- International Trade & Development
- State & Local Govt. Funding Resources
- Disaster Assistance
- Money for College
- Scholarships - Specific Fields of Study
- Internships/Summer Employment
- Computers for Schools and Communities
- Other Educational Resources
- Surplus & Unclaimed Property
- Consumer Protection
- Demographic and Statistical Resources
- Other Helpful Resources